ANVIL Glossary of Terms

  1. Civil security system: This is broadly defined as any non-military system that is responsible for preparedness, prevention and recovery from a security incident in a community, state or region.
  2. Security incidents: Natural disasters, industrial or transportation accidents, terror attacks, critical infrastructure failures, or a ‘near miss’ of one of these, as well as any other large scale emergency or crisis situations.
  3. Civil security system effectiveness: A measure of the quality of a civil security system, specifically whether the system responds adequately to a particular type of security incident or threat.
  4. Civil security system efficiency: A measure of the quality of a civil security system, specifically how well the resources that are allocated for a civil security system are used in practice.
  5. Civil security system legitimacy: The degree to which a civil security system has political support as well as popular support and trust in a country or region.
  6. Signature crisis: A crisis or threat that can be used to analyze the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of a civil security system.
  7. Stakeholders: Civil security systems practitioners and decision-makers. This includes non-military government agencies, businesses and civil organizations dealing with civil security issues, as well as any professionals working with civil security issues in these organizations.
  8. Informants: Those with expert local knowledge about relevant civil security systems.
  9. End user: In the context of the ANVIL project, an end user is synonymous with a stakeholder (see above)