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The ANVIL EU project: Analysis of Civil Security Systems in Europe

The ANVIL project mapped the cultural, institutional, legal and operational diversity of 22 national civil security systems in
Europe, and explored the scope for European cooperation in the area of crisis and emergency management. ANVIL employed a
broad perspective which helped to overcome simplistic assumptions about the "best way" to handle crises in Europe, be they
purely national or supranational. Our analysis revealed that administrative responsibilities, legal frameworks and operational
practices differ markedly, as the national systems are rooted in national contexts and historical experiences. The project did not
discover drastic differences in effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy. So while there may be room for improvement in specific
areas, there did not seem to be a single best or "one-size-fits all" model for civil security in Europe at the close of the project.

We found that arrangements for cross-border assistance in and outside the EU were generally well developed. The EU may not be
a highly visible actor in transboundary civil security, but EU coordination seems to enjoy wide support among citizens (though
some bigger member states remained hesitant to support further integration leaps).

What does this mean for European cooperation in the face of transboundary crises and disasters? First of all, we argued that
societal and civil security, which is embedded in deep local knowledge and public support, cannot be imposed from the top. Our
findings suggested a specific role for the European Union as a facilitator and promoter of transboundary cooperation. While
standardisation of national structures and processes did not appear helpful or necessary, the EU could play a role in the
development of a shared framework used to identify lessons learned and "best practices" in a bottom-up manner. The ANVIL
project period was 2012-2014.

If you would like further information about ANVIL, including PDF files of public reports and deliverables from the project,
please contact the ANVIL coordinator, Research Management, at: or +47 9590 7562.

Click here to see the ANVIL project summary video.

The ANVIL consortium:

Research Management logo    Utrecht University    Utenrikspolitisk institutt logo    University of Essex logo

IMO logo    Hellenberg logo    IAI logo    IFSH logo

    SNDC logo         FB logo      FRS logo       AMU logo

This project has received funding from the European Union’s
Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological
development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 284678.

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© ANVIL consortium 2012-2024